Basics Of Composting

By practicing basic composting, you can save a lot of money, make good use of kitchen waste material, make your soil healthier and benefit the environment …

Basic Composting 101

Learning basic composting will save you dollars off your fertilising budget. In fact, you can spend ZERO DOLLARS to make your kitchen garden produce healthier and more plentiful! You will even make good use of kitchen waste material, make your soil healthier than ever before, and do a great service to the environment by practicing basic composting.

Composting – Environmental Impact

Our environment choices have grown so limited that more and more states have been legislating measures to reduce waste that ends up in public landfills. Did you know that the kitchen and yard waste of American households makes up 30% of the nation’s total waste? If we practice basic composting we could cut close to a third of the volume that ends up in our shrinking landfills.

In short, we should compost because pretty soon, we will have no choice.

Composting – Practicality

It just doesn’t make sense to spend on fertiliser when you regularly throw away material that you can use as a better substitute! Using compost is one of the best things you can do for your soil to improve its texture, composition, aeration (especially for clayey soil), and water-bearing qualities (particularly for sandy soil).

Even basic composting can improve fertility and plant health many times over. Your garden’s health depends on its soil’s microorganisms, which composting feeds in a natural way. Composting can help you completely do away with commercial plant fertilisers.

Composting – How To Start

You can dig a hole in the ground, build a square mesh-enclosure with stakes, or use a barrel or garbage can pile up compost.

Start with plant waste, twigs, and dried, dead weeds. You can use vegetable and fruit scraps from your kitchen, but alternate dry and wet material and soil, lightly tamping down three-inch layers each time. Speed up decomposition by using farm manure; but never use cat or dog manure.

A good rule of thumb would be:

3 parts brown to 1 part green ingredients. Then, you need to water each layer – lightly if in wet weather, thoroughly if in dry. Turn the pile every couple of weeks.

Do not put processed food scraps in your compost pile; neither should you use any meat, fat, or dairy products (apart from crushed eggshells). Bread is fine, unless it has peanut butter or mayonnaise.

After a couple of months, you can start using your compost – sooner if you can no longer distinguish the ingredients in the dark substance.

Basic composting will reap you such immediate, cost-efficient benefits that you’ll wonder why you’ve never tried it before!